Molybdenum Health Benefits - Every Nutrient

Molybdenum Health Benefits

Eating foods that are high in molybdenum can help to prevent conditions such as gastroesophageal cancer (cancers of the stomach and esophagus). Foods high in molybdenum include: Legumes, whole grains, and nuts.

What is Molybdenum?

Molybdenum is an essential trace element. Molybdenum-dependent enzymes are required for the health of the earth’s ecosystems.

Function of Molybdenum:

A cofactor is a compound that is essential for the activity of an enzyme. In humans, molybdenum functions as a cofactor for three enzymes: sulfite oxidase – responsible for the transformation of sulfite to sulfate, xanthine oxidase – helps to form uric acid which contributes to the antioxidant capacity of the blood, and aldehyde oxidase – plays a role in the metabolism of drugs and toxins.

Enzymes are important to the regulation of the chemistry of cells and organisms. An enzyme is a substance that increases the speed of a chemical reaction without being changed in the overall process. The only enzyme known to be crucial for human health is sulfite oxidase. It is a biologically important enzyme found in all living organisms and resides in the mitochondria of the cell.

Deficiency of Molybdenum:

Sulfite oxidase deficiency is rare, but fatal. It causes neurological disorders, mental retardation, physical deformities, the degradation of the brain, and death. One of the causes of sulfite oxidase deficiency is a genetic defect that leads to the absence of a molybdopterin cofactor and point mutations in the enzyme.

Note: A variety of medical conditions can lead to the symptoms mentioned above. Therefore, it is important to have a physician evaluate them so that appropriate medical care can be given.

Toxicity (Molybdenum Overdose):

Taking high doses of molybdenum causes increased blood uric acid levels and gout-like symptoms. Occupationally exposed workers in copper-molybdenum plants are at high risk for excessive molybdenum consumption.

Caution: Eating natural foods that are high in molybdenum is the safest and healthiest way to get an adequate supply of the nutrient. Due to risk of toxicity, individuals should always consult with a knowledgeable healthcare provider before starting doses of supplements. Before giving supplements to children, it is recommended that you first consult with their pediatrician. Also, some supplements may interfere with medications. If you are taking medication, it is recommended that you consult with your physician before taking any supplements. All supplements should be kept in childproof bottles and out of children’s reach.

Molybdenum Food Chart (List of Foods High in Molybdenum):

*Per 100 g (3.5 oz) of Food*
Lentils – (155 mcg)
Beef Liver – (135 mcg)
Split Peas – (130 mcg)
Cauliflower – (120 mcg)
Green Peas – (110 mcg)
Brewer’s yeast – (109 mcg)
Wheat Germ – (100 mcg)
Spinach – (100 mcg)
Brown Rice – (75 mcg)
Garlic – (70 mcg)
Oats – (60 mcg)
Eggs – (53 mcg)
Corn – (45 mcg)
Barley – (42 mcg)
Fish – (40 mcg)
Whole Wheat – (36 mcg)

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