There are all manner of skin care products in the market and they can confuse even the most enlightened individual. There are cleansers, exfoliators, face washes, toners, skin peels, sun screens, masks, wrinkle creams, serums and so much more.
Do not feel discouraged if you do not know what a serum is, whether you need it or not, or how to incorporate it into your skincare regime.
This detailed article aims at equipping you with all the information you need concerning vitamin C serum.
Let us first understand what serum actually is. Serum is skincare product that has smaller molecules than lotions and creams so that it is able to penetrate deeply into the different layers of the skin to nourish and repair the skin. Some serums target specific areas of the face such as the jaw line or the eye area.
There is a wide range of serums to suit different skincare needs. Serums that contain plant stem cells and marine peptides as the main ingredients have powerful anti aging benefits and are good for mature skin. A wide range of natural ingredients such as flower blossoms, herbs such as aloe vera and fruits are widely used in serums especially for their antioxidant benefits.
Younger people have a lot of collagen in their skin. Collagen binds the cells to the body and is responsible for providing elasticity to the face, allowing it to stretch when one smiles, laughs or frowns and to bounce back to its original state.
Collagen production reduces with age causing the different facial expressions to leave lines on the face.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant and is scientifically proven to provide anti-aging benefits by increasing collagen production to give a firmer, tighter and less sagged skin. Vitamin C serum keeps wrinkles and fine lines at bay.
Vitamin C also combats hyperpigmentation which is skin discoloration. It inhibits the synthesis of melanin which causes the darkening of the skin. Regular use of Vitamin C fades dark spots and keeps new age spots from forming.
Age spots can appear years after exposure to the sun, therefore, it is important to incorporate vitamin C into the skincare regime even if you have been using sunblock for years, and more so if you are fond of tanning, otherwise you could be shocked to suddenly get skin discoloration.
Vitamin C, therefore, helps with collagen synthesis, scavenges free radicals, reverses free radical damage and fades discoloration. It corrects roughness; giving a smoother, softer, younger-looking skin.
Since the skin doesn’t produce vitamin C on its own, the only way for the skin to benefit from Vitamin C – alongside consuming in the diet - is to have it topically applied.
There are many vitamin C serums and lotions in the market that are not effective at all, that are really a waste of money. Some could actually be harmful to the skin.
Vitamin C serum is the best way to get the maximum benefits of this powerful anti-aging vitamin as it penetrates to the deep layers of the skin where it is most needed.
Avoid using vitamin C in its pure form to minimize the risk of irritation. Vitamin C needs to be acidic for it to penetrate the skin and that is why there is a risk of irritation.
Vitamin C in the form of L-ascorbic acid is the ideal form of Vitamin C to use in serum because it is readily available and used by the skin. It absorbs the best and the deepest. It is water soluble so it does not leave oily residual on the skin.
Vitamin C serum provides antioxidant benefits and prevents free radical damage. When combined with vitamin E, it is more effective in protecting the skin from sun damage. A serum that contains both vitamin A and E helps the skin withstand the effects of the sun by protecting against UV rays and also helps to reverse sun damage.
Serum that contains both vitamin C and E is generally more effective because vitamin E makes vitamin C more effective in protecting the skin against sun damage.
It is important to know one’s skin well because vitamin E is great for dry skin but clogs up the pores for some people, making them vulnerable to breakouts.
Regular use of vitamin C increases the effectiveness of sunscreen and boosts the skin’s ability to withstand environmental pollution, making the skin firmer and younger looking.
Free radicals accelerate the aging process. The antioxidant power of vitamin C offers protection against free radicals, environmental pollution, and sun damage.
Regular use of vitamin C fades dark spots, gives the skin a clearer appearance and a glow. It helps with hyperpigmentation, which refers to age spots and dark circles.
There are key factors to guide you in selecting the right brand of serum for your use. These factors include:
This list is in no way exhaustive but is simply used as a guideline. You can add your own criteria as you experiment with different brands and learn.
The key ingredients in a vitamin C serum that is worth looking at are vitamin C, preferably in form of L-ascorbic acid or another derivative that is proven to ensure that vitamin C penetrates the skin and releases its goodness while remaining stable; vitamin E in form of a derivative such as alpha-tocopherol and an acid such as hyaluronic acid or ferulic acid.
These are some of the key ingredients to look for in vitamin C serums, with a host of other ingredients with proven benefits to the skin. Most vitamin c serums contain other ingredients that have been proven to have diverse benefits for the skin.
While selecting an appropriate serum to use, it is a good idea to compare the ingredients in other competing serums as well as their concentrations and the efficacy of the product. It is not worth it buying a product which gives no results.
Price is an important factor because it makes little sense to purchase a product that contains more or less the same ingredients as others yet costs way too much when compared to others.
Kleem Organics Vitamin C Serum is reasonably priced and will aid in fading age spots, tightening enlarged pores and combating acne. The pump bottle is great for keeping air out of the product which keeps oxidation at bay. It is good for different kinds of skin including oily and combination skins. It spreads easily, absorbs well, leaving no oily film on the skin.
Claire-ity Vitamin C Serum is a high-quality serum with 25% vitamin C, one of the highest concentrations possible. The product is comparatively cheap and gives great results, according to customer reviews.
For people who have not used vitamin c serum before, it might be wise to begin with a product that has lower concentration and gradually build up to this level.
Claire-ity Vitamin C Serum prides itself in having powerful antiaging properties. It is effective in repairing sun damage and improving the production of collagen. It gives the skin a nice, smooth glow and makes a nice base for makeup application.
The nice floral scent gets special mention from customers. It is great for sensitive skin and acne prone skin. The consistency is of a clear gel like consistency so it can get sticky if one uses too much of it.
The pump container helps to keep air out of the product and makes this a favorite product as it remains stable longer than some of the competitors’ products. It can remain stable for up to five months or longer, making it great value for money.
Azure naturals vitamin C Serum at slightly below US$20. It contains hyaluronic acid and vitamin c in the concentration of 22% infused with botanical ingredients such as Organic Wildcrafted Green Tea, Organic Jojoba Oil Carrageenan Gum and Geranium Essential Oil. This oil penetrates deep into the skin and helps it provides effective anti- aging properties.
Stability is very critical because the longer a product serves you before it degrades and has to be thrown away, the more value it will give you. Some serums will begin to degrade within a couple of months while others will store well for three months or longer.
Since vitamin c serum for face is used in very small quantities, the length of time a product remains stable is definitely important.
Serum is meant to applied on the skin before proceeding with other steps such as make-up application. It, therefore, goes without saying that it should spread easily like water, without leaving any oily residual or being sticky.
It needs to be lightweight like the Lilian Fache Vitamin C Serum in order to blend in well with other skincare products or it will not be realistic to use it. The Lilian Fache Vitamin C Serum retails at around US$30.
It makes no sense to choose a serum whose smell one cannot tolerate. Most serums need to be free from artificial fragrances if they are to be safe to apply on the skin.
It is important to choose one with a nice scent such as oz naturals vitamin c serum and others that have a citrus scent.
Skinceuticals CE Ferulic definitely stands out as a great choice and can be considered the best vitamin c serum for face. One of the unique features of this brand is the PH.
Vitamin C needs to be acidic in order to penetrate the skin and give its amazing benefits. It requires a PH of not more than 3.5 in order to perform optimally.
Skinceuticals best vitamin c serum for face has patented its products and no other brand can have a PH of between 2.5 and 3.0 because of the patent. That happens to be the ideal PH for the full benefits of vitamin C to be derived.
Kleem Organics Vitamin C Serum will fade age spots, tighten enlarged pores and combat acne. The pump bottle is great for keeping air out of the product which keeps oxidation at bay. It is good for different kinds of skin including oily and combination skins. It spreads easily, absorbs well, leaving no oily film on the skin.
Keeping in mind that vitamin c serum for face does not store for long and some product almost always ends up getting degraded and being discarded, it might not make much sense to spend so much on a serum. Other competing brands have been able to go round the PH patent issue and to still come up with high-quality vitamin C serum.
Most of the high quality but more pocket-friendly brands have PH or between 3.0 and 3.5. This is low enough to still be effective and still does not violate the patent.
TruSkin Naturals Vitamin C Serum is one of the best vitamin c serum for face, a brand that rates highly in vitamin c serum reviews and is very fairly priced at around US$20.
This product contains vitamin C in the form of Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate, vitamin E as d-alpha Tocopheryl Acetate infused in herbs such as organic Aloe Barbadensis Leaf, wild crafted horsetail, organic jojoba oil, organic gotu kola, Witch Hazel, Wildcrafted Dandelion and other ingredients that have skin-boosting properties.
TruSkin Naturals best vitamin c serum is a plant-based antiaging serum whose ingredients are 97% natural and 72% organic. It contains Botanical Hyaluronic Acid, is free from GMOs, parabens and alcohol. It is fragrance free and is cruelty free, meaning that the product is not tested on animals.
Customer reviews for this best vitamin c serum indicate that it is very effective without irritating even sensitive skin including eczema. It has a mild natural scent of aloe.
Customers report achieving smoother, softer and brighter skin and fading of dark circles within an average of three to four weeks. The product shrinks enlarged pores, minimizes fine lines and wrinkles while keeping the skin youthful and glowing.
This product gets rid of acne scarring and spots while protecting against breakouts including those that accompany menses.
The customer service is great with a three month money back guarantee should one decide that the product is not for them for whatever reason. No questions asked and one does not even need to return the bottle.
This vitamin C serum for acne contains vitamin C at 20% concentration also contains vitamin E and Hyaluronic Acid. There are reports from satisfied customers who have found that this vitamin c serum for acne prevents breakouts and clears acne while shrinking the pores.
This vitamin C serum for acne scars that retails at slightly over US$15 is natural, organic, cruelty-free and vegan. Customer reviews indicate that this vitamin c serum for acne scars gives great results for people who are prone to getting flare up as it minimizes the appearance of acne scars.
Majestic Pure Vitamin C Serum contains the most important ingredients, with a vitamin c concentration of 10% as L-ascorbic acid. It retails at around US$15 and is great value for money.
It gives great results in repairing the damage from sun exposure and dryness that comes with age and years of application of skincare products containing harsh chemicals. It also combats dark spots. Regular use also prevents further damage.
The product has a natural lightly citrus smell with a hint of some floral notes. The smell of the product is rated highly in customer reviews. The texture, consistency and the way it spreads without leaving any residual are also strong points quoted satisfied by customers.
The OZNaturals Vitamin C Facial Serum contains some ingredients with amazing skincare benefits such as witch hazel, rose hip, organic aloe, Kosher Vegetable Glycerin, Organic Jojoba Oil infuse in vitamin C as Sodium Ascorbyl. It also contains Botanical Hyaluronic Acid. It retails at around US$18.
This cold pressed vitamin c serum prides itself in not containing harmful preservatives such as sodium benzoate and phenoxyethanol or any other harmful chemicals. This serum is suitable for a variety of skin types and can be used by both men and women. It is helpful in improving the appearance of scars, dry patches and dark spots, improves the skin texture and fights light wrinkles and fine lines. It might not be suitable for getting rid of the really deep wrinkles. Regular use gives a brighter, fresh and young looking skin.
This thick hydrating serum is light weight, spreads well and does not leave any residual. It does not feel heavy or oily and does not clog the pores.
A miracle maker when it comes to anti-aging is vitamin C which promotes the production of collagen, which ensures the tautness and elasticity of your skin. The best way to nourish your skin is by using Vitamin C serums.
The Lilian Fache Vitamin C serum is vouched as one of the best serums because it promotes anti-aging. Primarily made up of vitamin C and alpha-hydroxy acid, this serum starts by first regenerating cells. The alpha-hydroxy acid reduces fine lines, wrinkles and helps minimize sun damage. The extracts from Chamomile, Thyme, Passion Fruit and Aloe Vera can help you get an even skin tone and texture.
There are multiple ways to use this serum. When it comes to the face, a few drops of the serum can be added to face oils like Jojoba oil and massaged gently on the face. To use this serum as a face pack, it can be mixed with Fullers Earth or Oatmeal and applied on the face.
The serum can also be used to treat under eye puffiness, skin redness, and wrinkles.
To summarize, the Lilian Fache Vitamin C serum delivers astounding results and proves to be an excellent pick for anti-aging.
The Foxbrim Vitamin C serum is the most affordable serum and is highly effective. The primary ingredients of this serum are Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate which contributes to the 20% Vitamin C in the serum, Hyaluronic Acid, and Amino Complex.
Vitamin C promotes the production of collagen and helps undo the damage caused by free radicals. The amino acid is the most significant one as it supports the structural and functional values of the cells. It also helps in the production of new skin cells.
The Hyaluronic acid and the Vitamin E in the serum acts as a natural moisturizer and keeps your skin hydrated.
One of the best ways to use foxbrim serum is to apply it directly on the skin using your fingertips and spreading it out evenly. It can also be used after applying a toner.
You don’t have to add another facial oil to this serum because it has organic jojoba oil present in it already.
The Foxbrim serum gives a natural glow to the skin, treats wrinkles, lightens dark spots, moisturizes the skin, shrinks the large pores on the skin and also battles adult acne.
Next on the list is the ArtNaturals Anti-Aging Vitamin C Serum. As the name suggests, this serum has proved to have extraordinary results in defying aging by treating all the wrinkles and fine lines in your face.
The Serum’s antioxidants coupled with Vitamin E fight sunspots and the damage caused by the harmful UV rays. The 20% Vitamin C and the Hyaluronic acid are the two main ingredients which battle against wrinkles and fine lines by hydrating your skin. The hyaluronic acid along with the Jojoba oil and Aloe vera work their way in treating inflammation and redness.
The Ferulic acid in the serum which is an antioxidant fights uneven complexion of your skin. It also acts as a catalyst for other antioxidants
The first step is to cleanse your skin thoroughly and pat it dry. Then apply the serum on the skin using your fingertips and massage it gently. This can be followed by your regular makeup. If your skin is extremely dry, you can use a moisturizer followed by the serum.
Anyone who has started developing signs of aging or those who are suffering from Hyperpigmentation can opt for this serum.
Next on the list is the ArtNaturals Anti-Aging Vitamin C Serum. As the name suggests, this serum has proved to have extraordinary results i defying aging by treating all the wrinkles and fine lines in your face.
As the name rightly suggests, the InstaNatural Vitamin C serum has a lot of natural organic ingredients in it. Like every other serum, InstaNatural has Vitamin C, Hyaluronic Acid, Ferulic Acid along with natural ingredients such as Rosehips, Argan Oil, Sea Buckthorn Oil, Carrot Seed oil and pomegranate extract.
Being the perfect formula for all skin types such as oily, dry and sensitive this serum can give you a brightened skin tone. The antioxidants in the serum hydrate the skin and make wrinkles and fine lines disappear. The highlight of this serum is that it fights blemishes and acne as well. The natural ingredients give you a spa-like effect and prevent blemishes from occurring again. Argan oil which has a comedogenic rating of 0 has an excellent effect on your skin.
The serum can be utilized in the night after cleansing away your makeup, to treat your skin all night. It can also be used as an underlying layer to your regular makeup routine. Using a cotton swab is the best way to apply the serum.
InstaNatural can be combined with your other cosmetics such as creams or gels to achieve a youthful glow.
The Eve Hansen Vitamin C serum is a 100% vegan serum with premium ingredients. Hyaluronic Acid, Amino Blend, and Vitamin E battle sun damage and free radicals.
The antioxidants such as Vitamin C are present in a highly concentrated form in the serum. This enhances the production of collagen, the protein which is responsible for the skin’s elasticity and tautness. Vitamin E does the groundwork in minimizing discoloration and the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. The mixture of Ferulic acid along with Vitamins C and E act as super antioxidants and treat free radicals. Sodium ascorbyl phosphate which acts as the vitamin C contributor deals with the sun damage.
The Hyaluronic acid plumps up the skin and fights wrinkles. This acid is naturally present in the skin, but the production decreases as we age. The serum can handle this deficiency.
The serum can be employed mainly to clean your skin. 2 to 3 drops of the serum should be applied during the night using your fingertips. The eye area should be avoided to prevent irritation. The serum can also be combined with a moisturizer for better results.
Once you have discovered the vitamin C serum that works for you, you need to learn how to use it right, for optimal results. Cleanse the face using the right products for your skin type and pat dry. Tone the face to remove any residual of cleaning products.
Vitamin c serum is acidic while cleansers and toners are likely to be alkaline. It is therefore important to give adequate time between each step to allow the skin PH to go back to normal before applying the serum. Give ten to fifteen minutes after toning before applying the serum. By that time, the toner should have completely dried from the face
Tap the vitamin C serum gently onto the face. Do not pull or drag the skin. Apply Vitamin C serum all over the face including under the eyes to combat dark circles but do not apply it on the eyelids. Apply on the neck, chest, and back of the hands.
The right amount of serum to use has to be mastered and that will require experimenting. Applying excess serum can leave a film which changes color once it oxidizes, giving the face a yellowish or reddish tinge. If this happens, the amount of serum needs to be reduced.
The serum needs to be given time to fully dry before applying other skincare products such as moisturizer or makeup.
Failure to allow product at every step of the skincare regime to dry before applying the next product could reduce the effectiveness of products including the vitamin c serum.
The general belief is that the higher the percentage the more effective the product will be in combating hyperpigmentation and evening out the skin tone. When it comes to serum, a higher concentration of the active ingredient is not necessarily better.
The formulation determines how effective the product will be so it is wise to always look at all the ingredients in a vitamin C serum and their concentrations, and not just the vitamin C concentration alone.
It is important to note that serums are highly potent and should be used with caution, to avoid irritating the skin. It is advisable to do a patch test before introducing any serum into your skincare regime.
High concentration of vitamin C can be irritating to the skin, it could cause redness. Start with the lowest percentage of vitamin C and work your way up as you gradually introduce it to your skin. This will enable you not to shock the skin, which could get inflamed and red, or peel.
Products come in concentrations ranging from 1% onwards. A product with less than 10% vitamin C concentration is unlikely to deliver adequate amounts of the product to be effective.
It will, however, take you a while to build up to the right concentration for the results you are looking for.
Certain ingredients that are contained in serums – despite being potent and beneficial for the skin – are unstable and easily become oxidized when they come into contact with air. Vitamin C is one such ingredient that is unstable and becomes oxidized easily.
That is why it is not advisable to buy it in large quantities even when there are sales and offers. It will most probably end up going to waste.
Refrigeration does protect it from degrading but it is advisable to wrap the container in aluminum foil before refrigeration in order to keep moisture out.
Vitamin C serum should be clear like water or whitish/milky. If it changes color to a yellow or brownish tinge, that is a sign that it has oxidized and should be discarded. Oxidation transforms it into a free radical so it should not be used as it can cause damage to the skin.
If purchasing the serum, do not buy any that is colored. Do not underestimate the possibility of unscrupulous people using color to ensure that you cannot tell when the serum degrades and becomes oxidized. Colored serum will not allow you to tell if the product is still fresh or not.
Vitamin C is sensitive to light so it should be stored in a dark drawer. Even light getting into a room through the window can degrade vitamin C. Avoid products that are packaged in transparent containers.
Containers should be opaque and should also restrict air from getting into contact with the product. Some companies package their product in UV protection coated containers to protect against light.
Most vitamin C serums contain stabilizers and that is why they remain stable but once they sit on the shelves for long periods of time, they degrade and lose their effectiveness.
Thanks to scientific research, vitamin C derivatives such as ascorbyl palmitate or sodium ascorbyl phosphate are able to give all the benefits of vitamin C in its natural form while providing the added benefits of remaining stable and not irritating the skin. These derivatives extend the shelf life of products.
A vitamin C derivative is vitamin C that has something extra added to it such as phosphate or palmitate to stabilize it and keep oxidation damage at bay.
Keep in mind that vitamin C oxidizes and does not store for too long so it might not make too much sense to buy a very expensive brand as it will go bad and need to be discarded anyway. Buy vitamin C serum in small quantities and replenish it as the need arises.
Skincare products that contain copper peptides are very popular for their antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties. Avoid using such products in combination with vitamin c serum as they make the vitamin c ineffective. If you want to enjoy the benefits of both products, then use them on alternate days but never at the same time.
Niacinamide is a powerful antiaging ingredient and is popular in products for mature skin. The ingredient does not mix with vitamin c and when the two are used together, both products are rendered useless.
If for any reason both have to be used on the same day, then allow at least 30 minutes after application of one before applying the other. This will give one product adequate time to dry in order to minimize the interaction between the two.
Before reaching the conclusion that a product is not working, making sure that you are using it correctly.
Select an appropriate serum for the eye area such as vitamin C serum for eyes by Elle Avi. It stimulates collagen production making the area around the eyes appear plumper while improving elasticity.
This non-irritant vitamin c serum for eyes is good for people with sensitive skin too and will improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes and also improve the appearance of dark circles.
Always apply vitamin C serum beneath all the other skincare products. If you feel a little tingling, that is no cause for alarm. If you experience an acidic burn when you begin using serum, wash it off and discontinue use.
Vitamin C serum is suitable for use morning and evening. Some people use it once a day; others twice a day, while others use it every other day because the benefits last up to 48 hours. It makes sense to begin by using it every other day then graduate to once a day and eventually to twice a day, as the skin becomes more tolerant of it.
Do-it-yourself vitamin C serums are very popular because one can be sure about their freshness and also because they enable one to mix the specific ingredients one desires for the skin such as green tea to bring back life to a dull skin, aloe vera for dry skin or rosemary for skin that is prone to acne.
Antioxidants such as dried orange peel can be used in DIY serum to help to smooth wrinkles, improve the tone and radiance of the skin as well as to combat pigmentation. Orange essential oil or lemon essential oil can be added to serve as a natural preservative while also regenerating, calming and soothing the skin.
Aloe vera gel can be added in cases of extremely dry skin.
DIY vitamin C serum should be mixed in very small quantities, to last a week or so and it should preferably be refrigerated. The containers and mixing equipment should be sterilized before every use and only distilled water should be used for mixing. Tap water is a big no.
Only L-ascorbic acid in powder form should be used in DIY vitamin C serums. Capsules and tablets should not be used. If the L-ascorbic acid is not in form of a very fine powder that dissolves easily in water, it will need to be ground first.
Have a coffee grinder that is specifically for grinding L-ascorbic acid. Do not use own that has already been used for grinding other products such as coffee or spices.
Mixing should be done carefully to avoid getting the powder into the eyes. If that happens, it is advisable to flush the eyes with plenty of water until it is all cleared out.
This powder can also be irritating for people who have asthma or other respiratory tract conditions so it is advisable for them to wear a mask when preparing it.
Everyone’s skin is different and not everyone responds to vitamin C serum while for some people, they will experience irritation. Do not be put off if you come across complaints from a customer who did not get the desired results or who experienced a reaction after using a particular brand of vitamin C serum.
You could also get disappointed with one formulation only to experience great results with another. Some customers report that they get breakouts when they start to use vitamin c serum which is a sign that the product is working. Do not rush to discard your product should you experience such.
Don’t be impatient too. Give yourself time for the serum to give you the results you are looking for and that could be up to six months or longer.
And most important of all; ensure to use the product correctly. Learn the dos and don’ts if you want to get the maximum benefits from vitamin c serum.
Be prepared for trial and error until you discover what will give you the results you desire.